Kurşunlutepe, Patara

These views were taken from Kuşunlutepe hill directly behind the amphitheatre. If you can climb to the top of the hill, it is well worth the 360 degree view (climb up from the top of the theatre which is built into the hill). More information about the hill can be found below.

Numbers correspond with photos above and below
 
1.   Amphitheatre
2.   Bouleuterion
3.   Roman Ante Temple
4.   Vespatian Bath
5.   Central Bath
6.
  Main Avenue, Stoa and Southern Gate
7.   Harbor Bath ("Date Bath")
8.   Tepecik Acropolis
9.   Arch of Modestus
10. Tepecik Necropolis
11. "Middle Ages City"
12. Patara's harbor, now a marsh
13. Pseudoperipteral Temple Tomb
14. Hadrian's Granary
15. Lighthouse
16. Road to the beach


 

More views from atop the hill

Not too much has been found on this hill, contrary to excavators expectations.  There are the remains of a base that may be the foundation of an Athena temple and a rock-cut sarcophagus and a rock carving with a pedestal.  The slope that goes down to the harbor was a necropolis with the remains of sarcophagi and monumental tombs.

There are only two structures of note: a cistern and a temple-tomb.  Click the photos of them below to enlarge.


Cistern


Temple tomb

 

The cistern was carved out of the top of the hill and probably held 630,000 litres of water, enough for 800 people at 4.5 litres per person per day.  Since the population in Hellenistic times was 10 times that, additional water must have come from wells as there was no aquaduct yet  The cistern is 8 metres deep and 12 metres across with 13 steps leading to the bottom and it was waterproofed with plaster.  The only other place one can see the same type of cistern is on the nearby Greek island of Meis (Costellorizo).

The temple-tomb was an impressive structure with a commanding view and most likely held the body of a very distinguished person.  It sits on a 11 x 13 metres podium and may have stood 13.5 metres high, crowing the necropolis below and dating to the Roman era.

 

 

 

 

Note: Information on this page is from the book Patara: The History and Ruins of The Capital City of Lycian League by Dr. Fahri Işıki (head excavator of Patara), Orkun and Ozan Medya Hizmetleri A.Ş. 2000.  I believe this is a limited edition book and unfortunately I don't know where it can be purchased.